Plan-Ahead Health

 Your Guide to Screening Tests

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These are the exams recommended by the Mayo Clinic and the National Women's Health Information Center (part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services). The recommendations are an outline only. If you have a family history of certain diseases, for instance, your doctor may recommend screening at a younger age or more often.

MEN AND WOMEN

Age Cholesterol Colorectal* Blood sugar Eye
18-39 Baseline at 20 N/A

Baseline at 45; if results are normal, every 3 years

1 baseline screening
40-49 Every 5 years; more often if ranges are “undesirable” N/A N/A Every 2-4 years
50-64 Every 5 years; more often if ranges are “undesirable” Every 5-10 years; yearly fecal test If results are normal, every 3 years Every 2-4 years
65+ Every 5 years; more often if ranges are “undesirable” Every 5-10 years; yearly fecal test If results are normal, every 3 years Every 2-4 years

*May include colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, double contrast barium enema, and fecal occult exam.

Age Hearing Heart health/ blood pressure Skin cancer/ mole exam S.T.D.
18-39 Baseline at 18, then every 10 years Baseline at 21, then every 2 years Monthly self-exam; yearly exam by doctor If sexually active, yearly until 25
40-49 Every 10 years Baseline EKG at 40, then every 2 years Monthly self-exam; yearly exam by doctor If multiple partners, discuss with doctor
50-64 As recommended Yearly Monthly self-exam; yearly exam by doctor If multiple partners, discuss with doctor
65+ As recommended Yearly Monthly self-exam; yearly exam by doctor If multiple partners, discuss with doctor

WOMEN

Age Bone mineral density (X-ray) Breast Mammography
18-39 Baseline if recommended Monthly self-exam; yearly exam by doctor

Baseline if recommended

40-49 As recommended Monthly self-exam; yearly exam by doctor Baseline at 40, then every 1-2 years
50-64 As recommended Monthly self-exam; yearly exam by doctor Yearly
65+ As recommended Monthly self-exam; yearly exam by doctor Yearly

Age Pap/pelvic Hearing Thyroid disease
18-39 Every 1-3 years starting at 18; every 3 years after 3 normal yearly tests Baseline at 18, then every 10 years Baseline at 35, then every 5 years
40-49 Every 3 years after 3 normal yearly tests Every 10 years Every 5 years
50-64 Every 3 years after 3 normal yearly tests As recommended Every 5 years
65+ Every 3 years after 3 normal yearly tests As recommended Every 5 years

MEN

Age Prostate Testicular
18-39 N/A Monthly self-exam starting at 15; yearly exam by doctor
40-49 Yearly screening at 40 with family history or if African American Yearly Monthly self-exam; yearly exam by doctor
50-64 Yearly Monthly self-exam; yearly exam by doctor
65+ Yearly Monthly self-exam; yearly exam by doctor
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