Calories per teaspoon: 16
Calories per slice: 497
The sugar that modern baking was built on. Sugarcane or sugar beet juices are boiled, and molasses extracted. The remaining sugar is bleached and tumbled into crystals of uniform size.
How It Baked: The pound cake made with table sugar was perfectly fluffy, voluminous, and tender. The crust was crisp, flaky, and exquisitely golden.